The Africa Continent is a hub of some of the largest dams in the world, be it man-made or natural. Its no surprise since Africa has a number of largest water bodies in the world, including The Nile River, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, and Lake Victoria.
About 15% of dams on earth are used to retain water supply and that makes Dams in Africa very important. It is reported that the Southern part of Africa experience very minimal rainfall and hence water retain in Dams come in handy for processing and supply to some Africa countries.
Below is a list of the 7 Largest Dams In Africa
Grand Renaissance Dam in Ethiopia
The Grand Renaissance Dam in Ethiopia is currently the biggest dam in Africa and was previously known as the Millennium Dam. It is located close to the border with Sudan on the Blue Nile. Construction started in 2011 and the dam currently generates 6,000 megawatts annually.
The Aswan High Dam, Egypt
The Aswan Dan Dam is located close to the city of the same name In southern Egypt. It holds back 169 square kilometres (62 square miles) of a lake called Lake Nasser. The turbines produce 2,100 MW and due to the high production capacity, the Aswan High Dam ranks as Africa’s second-largest. It took eleven years to build and was opened in 1971.
The Cahora Bassa Dam in Mozambique
One of the world’s biggest dams is located in Mozambique. The Cahora Bassa Dam has a capacity of 2075 megawatts and ranks after the Aswan High Dam. The major part of the electricity produced is exported to South Africa. But sabotage during the civil war in 1981 prevented the generation of electricity for ten years.
Gibe III in Ethiopia
The Gibe-III-Dam is located 350 kilometres (155 miles) southwest of the capital Addis Abeba. In total it produces 1,870 MW and is, with a height of 243 meters (797 feet), the third-largest dam in Africa. Construction began in 2007 and was completed in 2016.
The Inga dams in DR Congo
The Inga Dams in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) consists of two single dams. Inga 1 (generating 351 MW) and Inga 2 (1,424 MW). They were commissioned in 1972 and 1982 respectively as part of a failed industrial development scheme under then-dictator Sese Sekko Mobutu. The two dams currently operate at a 50 percent capacity because they have not been properly maintained in recent years.
The Akosombo Dam in Ghana
One of the top African dams is the Akosombo Dam. It sits at the base of Lake Volta, which has a surface area of 8,502 square kilometres and is the largest reservoir in the world. The turbines generate 912 megawatts, but the dam also serves as flood control. The Lake Volta itself is popular for being away for trade and travel.
The Kainji Dam in Nigeria
Located on the Niger River, the Kainji Dam is the sixth biggest dam in Africa. It was built in just four years and opened in 1968. It is 65 meters (213 feet) high, 550 meters (1805 feet) across and generates a total of 760 megawatts.